At The Economist, The brains trust: The ideas of liberalism’s greatest thinkers; And why they still matter.
The father of liberalism: Against the tyranny of the majority John Stuart Mill's warning still resonates today.
De Tocqueville and the French exception: The gloomiest of the great liberals worried that democracy might not be compatible with liberty.
Was John Maynard Keynes a liberal? People should be free to choose. It was their freedom not to choose that troubled him.
The exiles fight back: Hayek, Popper and Schumpeter formulated a response to tyranny. Their lives and reputations diverged, but their ideas were rooted in the traumas of their shared birthplace.
Three post-war liberals strove to establish the meaning of freedom: Berlin, Rawls and Nozick put their faith in the sanctity of the individual.
The prophets of illiberal progress: Rousseau, Marx and Nietzsche. Terrible things have been done in their name.